Thursday, 13 February 2014

BBC - Media Action - About BBC Media Action - Progress

BBC - Media Action - About BBC Media Action - Progress:



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Declaration signed on illegal wildlife trade - Progress

Declaration signed on illegal wildlife trade - Progress:



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Development Progress blog - Progress

Development Progress blog - Progress:



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European Network Against Racism - Progress

European Network Against Racism - Progress:



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Researchers on their way to bring the natural sense of touch in prosthetic hands - Progress

Researchers on their way to bring the natural sense of touch in prosthetic hands - Progress:



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Second round of Syria peace talks begins as Homs ceasefire is extended - Progress

Second round of Syria peace talks begins as Homs ceasefire is extended - Progress:



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EU seeks wider free trade agreement with Egypt - Progress

EU seeks wider free trade agreement with Egypt - Progress:



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3D printed pelvis helps man with rare bone cancer keep walking - Progress

3D printed pelvis helps man with rare bone cancer keep walking - Progress:



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Anaesthetic device developed with help of Cambourne innovation hub is award winner again - Progress

Anaesthetic device developed with help of Cambourne innovation hub is award winner again - Progress:



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Nepal's Community Forestry Program: A Successful Example of Local Resource Management - Progress

Nepal's Community Forestry Program: A Successful Example of Local Resource Management - Progress:



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Sunday, 9 February 2014

Education not only vital for individuals progress but also for nation building - Progress

Education not only vital for individuals progress but also for nation building - Progress:



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'Responsible business can help end world hunger' - Progress

'Responsible business can help end world hunger' - Progress: "“….globally $750 billion of food is wasted every year, while the cost of feeding the world’s hungry is put at only $80 billion.”

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Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan - UK aid 3 months on - Progress

Philippines: Typhoon Haiyan - UK aid 3 months on - Progress:



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Measles global deaths decline by 78% - Progress

Measles global deaths decline by 78% - Progress:



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Bionic hand allows patient to 'feel' - Progress

Bionic hand allows patient to 'feel' - Progress:



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Syria 'reaches deal with UN' to let Homs civilians leave - Progress

Syria 'reaches deal with UN' to let Homs civilians leave - Progress:



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Libya 'destroys all chemical weapons' - Progress

Libya 'destroys all chemical weapons' - Progress:



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Smartphone game which aims to aid cancer cure work launched - Progress

Smartphone game which aims to aid cancer cure work launched - Progress:



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Monday, 27 January 2014

How to Keep and Maintain Self-Discipline

[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="320"] Self Discipline[/caption]

Think of all the greatest achievers in the world. Whether it’s a sportsman you admire, a rockstar you worship, a scientist you respect or an artist you envy, do you believe that they are where they are only because they are talented or god-gifted? Do you believe in the college myth that the topper at your college became so only because of his/her ‘big brain’? Yes, you are right to point out that they may possess some natural gifts that you don’t. Yet that’s not the sole reason for their achievements. What if Roger Federer had stopped playing tennis altogether because of the pains in his teenage years? He probably wouldn’t have become the legend he is today. Or what if Einstein had avoided studying maths after those comments from his teacher, which labeled him as an idiot? Perhaps, nuclear energy would still be a mystery to humanity. It took hundreds of hours of practice for Federer to become what he is today and it took long hours of pondering and studying for Einstein to be able to become that expert mathematician that almost all of humanity respects to this day. Self-discipline is the reason behind the success stories of most of those few achievers among us.

The importance of self-discipline in your life
Success always requires some effort and there is no exception to this rule. Whether you term success as winning the Nobel Prize, buying a nice car or to carry on your family for years, everything needs effort. Even if you believe that success is about going to the nearest McDonald’s to get your favorite Big Mac Burger, you need to give some effort. But if you suddenly start thinking that it’s more comfortable to watch those boring TV shows on the couch, rather than making the effort to walk to McDonald’s, you will miss out on the tastiest burger. Very similar things happen to your greater goals, when you lack self-discipline.
If your dartboard is your targeted success and you are the dart, then the energy that shoots the dart towards the board is self-discipline. The dart only holds relevance when it moves towards its target. If it stays idle in a drawer, then it’s never going to hit the board. Thus, self-discipline is the force that inspires you to move towards your target. It’s the force that always inspires you to achieve success, no matter what its degree may be.

Bearing the smaller pains for the bigger pleasures
Everybody wants to get rich, but few actually manage to. There are literally hundreds of biographies in bookstores that tell the story of actual people who managed to get rich although they started from nothing. Bill Gates, Warren Buffet or Henry Ford; all sacrificed their daily pleasures, took on risks and pain, kept on focusing on their targets and achieved what most could only dream of. These people maintained self-discipline for years to achieve success. You may not even need to look that far to find examples of self-discipline. Look at your own family or some other successful family in your neighborhood. It’s because of the self-discipline of the parents that the family keeps on going. The energy that drives parents to work all day and sacrifice their smaller pleasures to maintain the family is self-discipline. From Bill Gates, who spent his entire youth, mostly around computers to a father who opts not to go to some deluxe restaurant to get drunk with his friends on weekends, there needs to be sacrificed for the biggest pleasure. If our focus is only on fulfilling our immediate temptations, then it would be like waving goodbye to success.

Developing self-discipline
First of all it’s absolutely important to realize that we are not in the place or situation where we need to be because we lacked the degree of self-discipline that we expect. A person often ends up becoming obese when he avoids exercising and eats all he desires. A student cannot be able to score good marks in his exams if he doesn’t give enough time to study. More often, our failures are the result of our own negligence. But realization is the first step to your success. The need of the hour now is to set realistic goals in your life. It’s time to think what we need to do to achieve our targets. If needed, we should take advices from those whom we trust. Then it’s all about following the road towards our target. Initially it may feel somewhat difficult, but the rewards of self-discipline ultimately pay off.

The habit of self-discipline
Why do some people manage to maintain self-discipline and succeed in their lives, while most others avoid maintaining any sort of self-discipline? But the reality is that maintaining or not maintaining self discipline actually becomes a habit. Self-disciplined people in reality have some feeling of responsibility and urgency towards fulfilling their target. On the other hand, not being able to maintain self-discipline points out of a habit of being spoilt. Most of us have the habit of seeking instant gratification which thus discourages us from setting responsible targets for the long run. Strong determination and commitment towards following a certain code of conduct is actually an important part of developing and maintaining self-discipline. For self-disciplined people ignoring the code of conduct would in fact be more painful than the pains of making small sacrifices. Following a self-disciplined routine becomes a habit.

Maintaining self-discipline
Many people who seem to be motivated from early on, lose their way somewhere in the middle. They go fine for a while, but then start procrastinating and end up like everybody else. But this sort of tendency could in fact hamper our efforts to achieve success. To avoid this scenario, it’s important to be self-aware about what sort of behavior are you following. Self-discipline is achieved through consistent motivation. Here are some ways through which you can maintain self-discipline in your life.
• Find immediate and long run motivation
It’s essential to have a sound and healthy mind to maintain self-discipline in the long run. Don’t ignore your daily priorities. It’s essential that you maintain a certain level of balance in your life so as to keep on focusing towards your target. Find ways to always remind yourself about your targets and goals. Maybe post a poster or a picture on the wall that reminds you everyday about what you need to achieve. Avoid things or circumstances that shift you away from your goals, no matter how painful it is. As mentioned earlier, you need to make small sacrifices for the big gains. In fact, the small pains of everyday life will motivate you even more to follow your goals. Remember that those people working in the gym everyday bear some sort of bodily pain every day. But their reward is their healthy body. No pain, no gain.

• Get inspired from the achievers
Everyone lives the ups and downs of life. The achievers are no exception. However the achievers as we know them didn’t allow themselves to feel down in spite of unfavorable circumstances. Take Richard Branson for instance, he was jailed in his younger years for tax evasion, went nearly broke and had to sell several of his good businesses too. But he rose up against all odds and now is an inspiring figure throughout the world. Nelson Mandela didn’t lose his hope of a unified South Africa in spite of 27 years in prison. His persistent self-discipline and motivation managed to build and unite the country and make it a prosperous nation. Learn from the achievers- don’t quit.

• Maintain a daily routine and don’t get deviated
The habit of self-discipline comes by following an organized routine everyday and not breaking it. The famous sportspersons of the world never allow themselves to quit exercising and fitness routines. Top musicians practice every day. Good students don’t set time for anything else when it’s time to study. A lot of us are good at planning routines and fantasizing the favorable consequences. Yet, somewhere down the line we start ignoring the routines and thus the small failures accumulate everyday to deviate us from our goals. Hence, don’t break the routine that you have made. You can opt to make a realistic routine instead of a hard one, but once you have decided it, remember that there is no quitting.

• Don’t make unrealistic goals and routines
Forget the urban myths about the need to cut your sleeping hours to achieve more. Be realistic! If you haven’t played football throughout your youth, you have to accept the fact that professional football just isn’t for you. Make goals that fit your resources and circumstances. You are in a peculiar position to achieve some sort of unique success, just like the footballers are! Introspect and decide about the things you can achieve with your abilities. Similarly, make routines that won’t harm your physical and mental balance. If you have never exercised before, start from half-a-hour a day, not four hours a day like the professionals. Set easy routines at first and if you can follow it then go further.

• Reward yourself for your achievements
A good idea to maintain self-discipline is by rewarding yourself for your milestones. The achievement of bigger successes can only be done with one step at a time. For example, if you want to lose 10kgs then reward yourself with a chocolate with every kg lost. At the same time if you end up gaining weight, then you have to punish yourself with a further 1km of walk. Self-discipline is all about maintaining the right balance to achieve your goals. Remember, that every achievement that is rewarded motivates you further to do more.

Real happiness comes with self-discipline
Self-disciplined people certainly know the secret behind real happiness. While most people seek happiness by buying the latest fashion or gadgets in the market, self-disciplined people look at the long run and are happy because they are giving the efforts to achieving their goals. They don’t lose their way or get distracted. Mental strength increases with self-discipline and thus comes the increased well-being. Optimism and hopefulness are some of the major qualities of self-discipline people.

Success and self-discipline
While it may not be absolutely true to state that success only comes with self-discipline, the life-stories of hundreds of successful people do indicate that success and self-discipline go hand in hand. However, it's also true that many people seem to lose self-discipline with success. We have often heard about many rockstars becoming drunkards or drug-addicts after achieving success. People who were very self-disciplined and motivated suddenly start behaving like spoilt brats. But again, there are instances of people, who not only become successful once, but consistently become more successful by applying self-discipline in their lives. Even if you don’t manage to achieve success by applying self-discipline, you can notice the difference between your life and other live and see that you are indeed faring better.

Sunday, 26 January 2014

▶ MATT DAMON DEATHS DUE TO LACK OF WATER UNNECESSARY

▶ MATT DAMON DEATHS DUE TO LACK OF WATER UNNECESSARY BBC NEWS - YouTube.

Indian state wins coveted UN award

 

[caption id="attachment_3173" align="alignleft" width="300"]God's own country God's own country[/caption]

Known as God's own country, Indian state Kerala, for the first time, has won the prestigious Ulysses Prize from United Nation's World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) for its tourism project at Kumarakom and for bringing in excellence and innovation in the sector.
The prizes were announced in Madrid, Spain and Kerala's Kumarakom project won the prize in the category "Innovation in Public Policy and Governance". The prizes were conceived to honour innovation, policy making and information dissemination the field of global tourism.
The Kerala government official attributed the success to locals, communities, self help groups and business in the tourism sector who coordinated and cooperated well to make the project a success.
Under Kumarakom project, the locals, including vendors, farmers and small business were supplying their farm produce to the thirteen hotels and resorts in the area for their daily use.
Speaking at the function, UNWTO secretary-general Taleb Rifai said, “Tourism is increasingly becoming a transformative force, bringing in economic growth, creating jobs, and most importantly, changing people’s lives.”
"We are humbled by the UNWTO's decision to confer this highest international award on our state," said Kerala Tourism Minister A P Anilkumar.
It must also be noted that tourism management has also become a specialised field for tourist spots, and there have been demands in India to stress on the need of having a system where the numbers of tourists coming in the country are managed considering the effects of climate change on the ecology and flora & fauna of India. It must be hoped with this award India lays greater emphasis on responsible and innovative tourism in the country.
-Abhishek Bhardwaj

Sir James Dyson to create jobs for 3,000 engineers

 

Sir James Dyson to create jobs for 3,000 engineers


Sir James Dyson to create jobs for 3,000 engineers - Telegraph.

India celebrates its 65th Republic Day

Republic_Day_Rehearsal

After August 15, 1947 (when India earned its freedom from British Empire), January 26, 1950 remains the most important in the history of India and its people; since this was the day when India enacted its Constitution and done away with British rule completely.
In 2014, India celebrated its 65th Republic Day across the nation as President Pranab Mukherjee greeted the public on the occasion. The day was celebrated in India's capital, New Delhi, where a ceremony was held near India Gate at Rajpath as India's first citizen received guard of honour from Indian Armed forces in the company of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe who was the chief guest this year.
The President honoured personnels from armed forces who laid down their lines in the line of duty bestowing upon gallantry awards on them posthumously, in addition to that children who performed acts of bravery were also rewarded. The event also saw India flaunting its military might and cultural fervour.
While the Indian Army put on display its arms and artillery, on the other hand, India's prominent states, union territories and important government ministries showcased their regional pavilions. Going by the "unity in diversity"message the largest democracy in the world stands for India put on display its colours and hues in the heart of the nation for over a billion people to see.
-Abhishek Bhardwaj

Alentejo has unemployment decreased by 5% in the end of 2013

Alentejo1downloadThe number of people that were registered in the Unemployment Center of the Alentejo region decreased 5% on December 2013. Also, this number decreased 2,6% in November. In September there were about 1265 job offers, which helped the unemployment to decrease. This decreasing rate has been appearing in the data from the last year, especially since August.

Although this is a good new in some way, it’s a bad in other.  What we are seeing in this numbers is that people, thanks to the crisis, are emigrating. People are called to mensal presentations and to ensure they have been looking for work, if they don’t come, it’s supposed that they have emigrated (if they had found a job, the unemployment center would know).

Especially young adults are emigrating, because after graduating college there’s no job for them, not even on a supermarket. Since some parents can’t afford (many are unemployed as well) to have their kids at home without any income, most of them emigrate to have a better life, even if they have to sleep with 5 people in the same room, and to send money to their parents.

All the regions have suffered this decrease except the region of Acores, which it has actually increased due to political reasons, mostly.

These numbers aren’t showing the reality either, some people don’t register themselves because they feel ashamed or because it doesn’t shows the expensive way of life they’re living, and everyone would be aware that they are “poor”.

There are also big companies hiring people (especially young adults) about 6 months, which is the minimum time of employment that anyone has to have before they can ask for a subsidy. These companies are seen as job giver, but in reality they only hire for 6 months. The income is protested by some but usually the workers of this company defend that the income is great. (about 300 euros)

 

 

The City of Education: Rajshahi

Education is the backbone of every nation. To develop any nation, it must need educated work force and it is the key of national progress. Do you know any place in the world, which is recognized for their educational identity? I think there is only one city in the world called the city of education though I am not sure. Yes, I am talking about the city of Rajshahi in the country of Bangladesh. You may ask why we call it the city of education. This is actually very simple, because of the huge establishment of educational institutions.


In Rajshahi we have 41 Kindergarten schools, 911 Primary Schools, 30 Junior High Schools, 215 Secondary High Schools, 63 Colleges, 2 Government Universities, 7 Private Universities, 1 Teachers Training Institute, 1 Physical Training Institute, 20 Polytechnic Institutes, 1 Blind/Disable School, 36 Mass Education Centers, total 489 various kinds of Madrasas, 36 Girls Schools, 36 Girls Colleges and 1 Medical College. Totally, in Rajshahi, we have 1890 educational institutes and that’s why it is called the city of education.


However, some of them are really well known and famous in the country as well as in the world. Rajshahi University, Rajshahi College, Rajshahi Medical College are just iconic names of them.


Rajshahi College: Rajshahi College is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Bangladesh. Established in 1873 in Rajshahi city, it is said to be the third oldest college in Bangladesh after Dhaka College and Chittagong College. Rajshahi College was the first institution in the territories now comprising Bangladesh to award a Masters degree. It also offers three years bachelor and four years honors degree courses in various disciplines. The college is affiliated with the National University. Since 1996, it has stopped enrolling Higher Secondary students. Situated in the city center, Rajshahi College is adjacent to Rajshahi Collegiate School and is very near the famous Barendra Museum.




[caption id="attachment_3142" align="aligncenter" width="640"]Rajshahi College Rajshahi College[/caption]

The origins of the college were in a private English School that had been founded in Rajshahi in 1828 by the concerted efforts of many of the region's most prominent citizens (this school is now known as Rajshahi Collegiate School). In 1836 the school was taken over by the provincial government of Bengal and was converted into a Government Zilla (or District) School. In 1873, again through the concerted efforts and appeals of local citizens, the Zilla School was given the status of an Intermediate College, and F.A. courses were introduced into its curriculum. With further development this college was accorded "first-grade rank" in 1878, which meant that it could teach B.A. courses and be affiliated to the University of Calcutta. The name "Rajshahi College" came with the first-grade rank in 1878. The year 1881 saw the inauguration of the M. A. classes; B.L. classes were added in 1883. The postgraduate Departments in Arts and in Law continued till 1909 when they were withdrawn because the college could not meet the requirements of the New Regulations of the University of Calcutta which came into force in that year.




[caption id="attachment_3143" align="aligncenter" width="902"]Admin Building of Rajshahi College Admin Building of Rajshahi College[/caption]

Starting with only 6 students on the roll in 1873, the college counted 100 in 1878, 200 in 1900, 400 in 1910, 800 in 1920 and no less than 1000 in 1924; there was only one Muslim student at the college in 1873; 5 years later it was still one, but the figure rose to 156 in 1916 and climaxed at 215 in 1924. Subsequently, of course, Muslim numbers rose in the college and after 1947 eventually exceeded the Hindu numbers. Today, in independent Bangladesh, the college has been accorded "University College" status and no longer teaches Higher Secondary or Intermediate courses. Currently, it is part of the National University system of Bangladesh and its curriculum includes only undergraduate and post-graduate courses in a variety of disciplines.


Rajshahi University: University of Rajshahi or Rajshahi University is a public university located in Rajshahi, a city in northwestern Bangladesh. University of Rajshahi was established in 1953, the second university to be established in what was then East Pakistan.




[caption id="attachment_3037" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Rajshahi University Administrative Building of Rajshahi University[/caption]

The university's forty-seven departments are organized into nine faculties. Rajshahi University is located in a 753 acres (3 km2) campus in Motihar, 3 kilometres (2 mi) from the Rajshahi city center. With 25,000 students and close to 1000 academic staff, it is one of the largest universities in Bangladesh. In addition to hosting programs in the Engineering, arts, sciences, agriculture, social sciences, business studies and medical sciences, the university houses a number of institutes of higher studies. This is the premier university in Bangladesh to have online subscription of world-renowned journals.




[caption id="attachment_3144" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Rajshahi University Library Rajshahi University Library[/caption]

The first proposal to establish a university came in 1917, when Calcutta University created the Sadler Commission to assess the university system in Bengal. However, the recommendations of the report had no immediate consequences.




[caption id="attachment_3145" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Zuberi International Guest House of Rajshahi University Zuberi International Guest House of Rajshahi University[/caption]

Following the Partition of India in 1947, what is now Bangladesh became East Pakistan. University of Dhaka, established in 1921, was the only university in East Pakistan at the time. Demand for a university in the northern part of East Pakistan gained momentum when two universities were established in West Pakistan without the establishment of any in the east. Students of Rajshahi College were at the forefront of the movement demanding a new university. Finally, Rajshahi was selected as the home for the second university in East Pakistan and the Rajshahi University Act of 1953 (East Bengal Act XV of 1953) was passed by the East Pakistan provincial Assembly on 31 March 1953. Itrat Hossain Zuberi, the Principal of Rajshahi College was appointed the first Vice-Chancellor of the university. Initially, the university was housed in temporary locations, such as the local Circuit House and Bara Kuthi, an 18th-century Dutch establishment. B B Hindu Academy, a local school, housed the library, teachers' lounge and the medical centre of the university. The university started out with 20 professors, 161 students (of which 5 were female) and six departments—Bengali, English, History, Law, Philosophy and Economics. In 1964, the offices moved to the permanent campus.


The 1960s was a turbulent period in the history of Bangladesh, when demands for East Pakistani autonomy became stronger. The students and staff of the university started playing an increasing role in politics during this period. On 18 February 1969, Shamsuzzoha, a professor of the university was killed by the police when he tried to prevent them from shooting student demonstrators. This date is now commemorated as Zoha Day. During the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, the university campus was used as a base by the Pakistan Army. A number of professors, students and officers of the university were killed by the Pakistan army during this period.


After independence, a new act regarding the administration of the university came into being—the Rajshahi University Act of 1973. The post-independence years saw the university grow steadily in student enrollment and size of the academic staff. However, the 1980s were turbulent years for the university, as the students agitated with other institutions of the country against the military rule of Hossain Muhammad Ershad. Since early 1990s, the university have seen relative calm and lowering of session backlogs, though active student politics remains a contentious issue to date.


Rajshahi Medical College: Rajshahi Medical College, located in Rajshahi, Bangladesh, is a state-sponsored medical school affiliated with the Rajshahi University.




[caption id="attachment_3039" align="aligncenter" width="715"]Rajshahi Medical College Rajshahi Medical College[/caption]

It was established in 1958, the second such institution in erstwhile East Pakistan after Dhaka Medical College. It has a large hospital that is the central provider for advanced health care in the northern part of Bangladesh.


Rajshahi Medical College admits 175 students every year for its M.B.B.S. program. It's dental unit admits a further 50 students. Students are admitted in these programs after high school and get a degree after 5 years of study and 1 year internship in the Government owned public hospital.


It has two boys' hostel named 'shahid muktijoddha kazi nur un nobi hostel' and 'shahid shah moinul ahsan pinku hostel'. Shahid muktijoddha kazi nur un nobi hostel is locally known as Main Hostel. It has three girls' hostel named 'polin hostel','falguni hostel' and 'ayesha siddiqua hostel'.Besides there are also two hostels for intern doctors.one for males and another for females.The name of the male intern doctors' hostel is 'shahid jamil akhtar roton hostel'.


A handful number of enthusiastic and philanthropic people started a Medical School in Rajshahi city in 1954. A four year course was started leading to diploma called LMF (Licentiate of Medical Faculty) offered by the State Medical Faculty, Dhaka. A total of eighty students were admitted in the very first year of its inception. In 1954, the then East Pakistan Government converted it into a government Institute, Rajshahi Medical School.


Later on, the government decided to start a five year course leading to MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree and as such in 1958 Rajshahi Medical School emerged as Rajshahi Medical College. At the beginning, the Medical College was housed in a small building of the Barendra Museum. It was later shifted to the present college building. Forty two native and two foreign students were admitted in the first batch.


Since then, the college has been continuing its steady progress. The number of admitted students is now increased to 175 which is equal in 8 old government medical colleges of Bangladesh. Foreign students of SAARC countries are being admitted in this Institution every year. Other hospitals situated in the city like Infectious Disease Hospital founded in 1962, Hospital for Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases founded in 1966, Leprosy Control Center founded in 1968 are all affiliated with this college. A Nuclear Medicine Center was also established within the campus in 1970. Following the war of liberation in 1971, the Medical College and hospital have made considerable improvements in many aspects such as extension of the college buildings, student's accommodation, number of hospital beds, and establishment of a modern Auditorium etc. There has been addition of new departments like Coronary Care Unit, Nephrology, Neurosurgery, Radiotherapy and Gastroenterology. Recently the hospital is equipped with CT scan, MRI, angiogram and renal haemodialysis machine. There have been a few recent additions in the College too like establishment of a beautiful mosque at the college premises, modernization and beautification of college main gate and premises, extension of the conference room with modern audio-visual facilities. At present besides undergraduate MBBS and BDS courses, postgraduate MD, MS, M.Phil, MPH and Diploma degrees are being awarded in 18 disciplines at Rajshahi Medical College. Already a handful number of successful doctors have achieved their postgraduate degrees from this college and working in various field of their specialization with good reputation.


It has 2 hostels. The Shahid Muktijoddha Kaji Nurnnobi Hostel and Pinku hostel. Between them the Nurunnobi hostel is the oldest. The writers of this paragraph resides in 319 room of this hostel. It is also commonly known as Main Hostel. It has a big field in front of the Hostel and every afternoon we play Football mostly.

Pakistan to concentrate on Coal Reserves for Energy Production

Pakistan houses one of the largest coalfields in the world, spreading over 9,000 kilometer square. The Thar Desert in the Sindh province is estimated to have over 175 billion tonnes of coal. According to Shamsuddin A Shaikh, the Chief Executive Officer of Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC), this is equivalent to 50 billion tonnes of oil, more than the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia and Iran put together, and can be utilized to produce more than 100,000 MW of electricity for 200 years.

coal_thar

It is now an established fact that utilization of domestic coal is going to be the cheapest and most effective way for power generation in the long run. According to the National Transmission and Dispatch Company, the power demand will rise to 45,400MW in 2019-20, and 134,800MW in 2034-35. Whereas the country in unable to meet the increasing demand through the current power generation techniques, 40 percent of which rely on imported furnace oil_ a totally non affordable solution for an country going through its development phase.

There has been a long history of critics condemning the government for not utilizing Pakistan’s own domestic resource for power generation which has been gifted to her in so much abundance. Now, as the scarcity of energy is getting only worst with time, the focus is again shifted to the coal reserves.

Thar Coal

Recently, the government has finally taken some initiative in this regard. The Thar Coal Block-II has been allocated to the Sindh Engro Coal Mining Company (SECMC). The Block-II, which comprises only 1 percent of the total reserves, contains 2.0 billion tonnes of lignite reserves, which are said to be capable of generating 5,000 MW for 50 years. SECMC has completed the Feasibility study for the project with the help of several renowned local and international consultants and is confident of the technical and commercial viability of the project.

The groundbreaking of the mining operations would be held on January 31. This project has capacity to change the complete picture of energy production for Pakistan. It will also bring tremendous opportunities of employment with social and urban uplifting of local regions, which are currently in a very underdeveloped state.

Attached to the River

The technical and engineering aspects of rivers, rather than aspects that go beyond the political boundaries of nations influence these treaties




[caption id="attachment_3124" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Attached to the River The River Padma[/caption]

A hundred years of cultural heritage of the vast community of Rajshahi, which was predominantly dependent on the river Padma, is on the verge of disappearance due to the change in the flow of the mighty river over the last two decades. Peoples of Rajshahi and actually the complete civilization of Rajshahi are attached to the River Padma. The Farakka barrage has caused a catastrophe for many in Rajshahi and other districts the Padma flows through.


A recent study on the Padma River in Charghat upazila of Rajshahi conducted by ActionAid Bangladesh shows how the cultural rights of people are being undermined under the territorialisation concept.


Throughout the decades, Bangladesh has been known as a riparian country. The economy, society, culture, and psychology of the people of this country have been dominated and shaped by the thousands of rivers flown through this delta.




[caption id="attachment_3125" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Boat Sailing up Padma River Bangladesh Boat Sailing up Padma River Bangladesh[/caption]

The history of civilizations all over the world shows how rivers play a crucial role as the lifeline of human civilization. In South Asia, to some, rivers used to be known as god (and still are in some places) and the life-giver. Rivers do not carry just freshwater, but also play a vital role in the maintenance of groundwater table and temperature balance. In the context of Bangladesh, a certain river flow is important to resist salinity infiltration in the coastal areas, and maintaining the ecological balance of the mangrove forest.




[caption id="attachment_3127" align="aligncenter" width="870"]Fishing into the River Padma Fishing into the River Padma[/caption]

Unfortunately, the perception of water and rivers has shifted from a humanistic point of view to a more commercial point of view, especially in South Asia. Rivers, despite being parts of nature, have become a property of the state, and the territorializing of such natural entities have further amplified the decision making and control over rivers in more isolated way.


Unlike air and light, water has not been realized as something beyond the political boundaries of states, and hence different states have their own interests in the same river (and in the same god). Instead of sharing the blessings of the river, the issue of water sharing has become prominent in the bilateral treaties and discussions.


Moreover, the technical and engineering aspects of rivers rather than the social, economic, cultural, and psychological aspects that go beyond the political boundaries of nations heavily influence these treaties.


Sapura Begum is a resident of Godagari upazila who is affected by the erratic water flow of Padma. She says she has been observing such unpredictable behavior of the river over the last 15 years. In her words: “This river has become so unpredictable. Sometimes there is too much water, causing erosion and flooding. We have shifted our house eight times so far. From my childhood, I had a dream to decorate my house my own way. But I couldn’t, because I had no permanent home. I am here today, but I don’t know where I will be tomorrow!”


Nunibala, who takes care of her family, shared the most heart-wrenching experience. In recent times, she has been unable to practice her religious rites due to the lack of water. She said: “I am deprived of the chance to say goodbye to my goddess, just because of this dry river.”


Like Nunibala, Tota Mia, who used to be a farmer, witnessed how cultural practices like boat regattas and pitha (local homemade sweet) festivals have disappeared from their locality.


He said: “We used to wait throughout the whole year for such festivals. These formed the very core of our rural tradition. Nowadays, the river has changed. But I still miss those days when my father used to take all our family members to enjoy the boat regatta.”


The examples of cultural decline that surfaced from the study conducted by ActionAid Bangladesh are similar in the communities of all districts subjected to human intervention on the rivers of Bangladesh, under the guise of so-called development.


There are several examples of such psychological and cultural rights violations across this lower riparian country. But there is not enough representation of these issues when lateral treaties are being formulated and discussed.


As long as the perception on rivers is dominated by the state-owned or territorializing concept, cultural, psychological, and social aspects of it will continue to remain ignored, and government will focus more on the sharing of water rather than the well-being derived from it.


So, it is time for the governments of South Asian countries to recognize rivers as natural entities, and that rights to them belong to all.

Saturday, 25 January 2014

Great Success of Bangladeshi Scientists in Buffalo Genome Sequencing



A Bangladeshi company, Lal Teer Livestock Limited and and World's premier genome sequencing center, Beijing Genomics Institute jointly unraveled the water buffalo genome. A historic function was held at Hotel Radisson in the city with presence of renowned scientists and donors.

In Bangladesh, buffalo is the main source of animal protein. With two million buffaloes,  Bangladesh is the ninth country in terms of buffalo population. Buffalo contributed more than 60% of the total milk in India and Pakistan, but in Bangladesh their contribution in dairy field was not significant yet today.  Great success of Bangladeshi scientists in Buffalo genome sequencing have created a greater possibility to develop better breeds of buffalo which is vital both for milk and meat.

Ataur Rahman, Director of Department of Livestock Resources acknowledged the buffalo genome decoding by Lal Teer researchers. It's a great achievement as it was the first buffalo genome decoding in the world. Earlier genome of local Tosha variety of jute was sequenced by Bangladeshi scientists.

Through genome sequencing, scientists can identify how genes work together for animal's or plant's different features like development, growth and maintenance.  Among the developing countries, Bangladesh achieved great success in the field of genomic research. Bangladeshi scientists have already credit in genome decoding of four species- two types of jute, a fungi, and a buffalo.

Now You can Snap Photos By Your Pocket Drone, A Great Adancement Of Technology

AirDroids Pocket Drone. Photo: AirDroidsAir Drone is going to launch pocket drone to bring a revolutionary changes in technology. A personal flying robot will help you to capture photos and videos from the sky. Now anyone can take a spectacular aerial images that was previously unseen and hard to capture. AirDroids co-founded by Reuter, a San Diego drone evangelist recently launched its first product, pocket drone.  The popular crowd funding site, Kickstarter launched this project.


The previous technology was very costly and software was difficult to operate. Creators Timothy Reuter, T J Johnson, and Chance Roth claimed that their drone is designed in a easy and user friendly way. It's very cheap in comparison to the DSLR camera of the aerial photographer. They can buy a pocket with controller for $495 and without controller it will cost $495.


This pocket drone is easily controlled by an included report, Android phone or tablet with USB port or third party RC controller. It's very user friendly and it will take only 20 seconds to unpack and launch. Under $500you can get longest flight time of any multi-copter. It is foldable and folds up to the size of small tablet for portability.


On March 9, the pocket drone campaign will be finished, their initial goal was to collect $35,000 , but already they have collected 30,000. This picture prove peoples interest toward this project. According to the creators, the 2014 will be "the year of the Drone".

The educational talent of Pakistan

The fact that Pakistan is a country rich in educational talent is proved once again by the outstanding achievement of Moosa Feroze Tarer, from Mandi Bahauddin in Pakistan. He secured 1st position in an online World Mathematics Competition held in Australia. It is worth mentioning that he was in competition with no less than 1.4 million participants from across the world. He secured 4,405 points in total whereas the second position in the 11-13 years age category was also secured by a Pakistani student Hasnain with 4,303 points. In the 14-18 years age category as well, Pakistan managed to snatch the 2nd position as a Pakistani student named Osama secured 3318 points.
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The 13 year old boy, now referred as Math Wizard, has been awarded a gold medal in Australia and appointed the Math Ambassador for the country. Moosa said that he had been trying to win the competition since 2009 and also clinched the 5th spot in 2011. He was also awarded bronze and silver medal in Kangaroo International Competition.

Moosa is not the first in line to have brought this kind of pride for Pakistan. Arfa Abdul Karim Randhawa was a Pakistani student who became the World's youngest MCP (Microsoft Certified Professional) at the age of 9 in 2004. Her visit to Microsoft Headquarters in 2005 at the invitation of Bill Gates gave her tremendous popularity worldwide. She unfortunately passed away at a tender age of 16 in 2012.

The point to note is these people made these remarkable achievements in spite of the lack of availability of resources. Students from Pakistan are outshining in all major scientific fields even though they face severe financial and training constraints.

Friday, 24 January 2014

Potential diabetes 'cure' to end misery of insulin jabs

 

Potential diabetes 'cure' to end misery of insulin jabs


Potential diabetes 'cure' to end misery of insulin jabs | Health | News | Daily Express.

Additional 850 Nepali peacekeeping troops to be deployed in South Sudan

[caption id="attachment_3092" align="alignnone" width="1920"]unifeed140115b Nepali peacekeeping troops working at South Sudan[/caption]

Amidst the growing turmoil in South Sudan, the UN has confirmed that an additional 850 Nepal Army personnel are going to be deployed to support the peace process in the country. Of them, 350 army personnel of the Nepal Army are going to be transferred from the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). The army men would be deployed in the field as part of the UN peacekeeping Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).

Preventing an ethnic war

The decision to increase the peacekeeping army size comes from the UN amidst a degrading conflict situation in the country. It's estimated that millions of civilians have been displaced from their homes since the heightening of the conflict. The internal conflict of the country has risen to a serious point since the power tussle between president Salva Kiir and the deposed vice-president, Riek Machar. While Kiir is backed by the ethnic Dinka population to which he belongs, Machar is backed by the ethnic Nuer population. The power tussle between the two has lately escalated into an all-out civil war between members of the two ethnicities. However, on the 24th of January, 2014, a ceasefire agreement between the two opposing parties under the UN's observation has been reached. Yet, with  the view to prevent the conflict from escalating further on the ground, the UN has planned to deploy more peacekeeping forces in the coming days.

The challenge of maintaining peace in the world's youngest nation

South Sudan was formally declared an independent nation by the UN General Assembly in 2011. It became the youngest nation of the world after years of struggle with Sudan. The country is home to one of the richest reserves of raw petroleum in the world. Yet, because of regular internal and external conflicts, the nation hasn't been able to prosper so far. With the conflict displacing hundreds of people, the situation has only gotten worse since its start in December, 2013. Two Indian UN peacekeepers were also killed in an attack on a UN base on December 20. So with the ceasefire and the increment in the number of peacekeeping personnel, including the Nepali peacekeeping troops, it is expected that a serious conflict in the future could in fact be averted in South Sudan.

 

 

 

Monday, 20 January 2014

Agency (philosophy)

Agency (philosophy) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

▶ Willpower: Al Switzler at TEDxFremont

▶ Change anything! Use skillpower over willpower: Al Switzler at TEDxFremont - YouTube.

Willpower: The Psychological Science of Self-Control

 


What You Need to Know about Willpower: The Psychological Science of Self-Control.

Cycling making a comeback in Nepal

[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="960"] A view of cyclists riding around the hills of Kathmandu Valley. Image courtesy Withlocals.com[/caption]

The Kathmandu Valley ring road is an inevitable part of life for people within the valley. The current 4 lane road is all set to expand to 8 lanes, with the financial support from China. One of the major things that's got people excited about the project is the building of 2 cycle tracks within the road. Despite the fact the there is only going to be 2.5m set for pedestrians and cycles on each side of the road, the recognition of this environmentally friendly and healthy means of transportation from the government has indeed been applauded by many. With cycles and public transportation being considered to be the important aspect in modern cities, Nepal is all set to embrace this global trend in its new road.

Cycling tourism growing throughout the country

Every weekend the roads leading to various nature spots around the hills of the Kathmandu Valley are full of hundreds of cycles being ridden by tourists and locals alike. The road from Gwarko to Lakuri Bhanjyang is one of the most famous routes used for mountain biking.  Similarly busy are the roads leading to other destinations like Godavari, Nagarjun, Saankhu and Chapagaon.  Cycling is also famous in the famous tourist city of Pokhara.

The challenging roads, clean environment, welcoming people and beautiful views all combine to make cycling tours around the country a perfect way to escape from the daily hustles and bustles of city life. While tourism is one of the biggest income source of the country, cycling is increasingly being recognized as a big attraction for tourists.

Exciting future outlook

With 4 new highways leading to the Kathmandu Valley set to open within a decade, cyclists could have more alternatives in the coming years. It won't be hard to imagine Nepal organizing a cycling tournament on par with international tournaments like the Tour de France if current trends continue.

Sunday, 19 January 2014

Alentejo is elected one of the destination to go in 2014



[caption id="attachment_3046" align="alignright" width="150"]Getting warm The city council puts some wood to burn during the night to keep people warm during the cold nights on the winter. Some people have no money to pay electricity or can't buy a heater.[/caption]

 

[caption id="attachment_3045" align="alignleft" width="150"]The beautiful architecture of évora The beautiful architecture of Évora is seen everyone. Some is just hidden...[/caption]

The region of Alentejo in Portugal was elected one of the best sites to visit in Portugal by the Portuguese Association of the Travel and Tourism Agencies. The island of Acores was also nominated as Favorite Destination 2014. National Geographic also elected this region as a mandatory destination in 2014. The Portuguese Association chose Évora to receive its congress, which is very important. The Ecorkhotel in Évora has been a huge attraction to visitors thank to its amazing new concept. This hotel and SPA  uses cork to coat all the exterior of the mainly building. Cork will be the first thing you'll see once you arrive on the site. This amazing concept almost blends with the view.

[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="1024"]Ecorkhotel Ecorkhotel[/caption]

This region being elected is a new but it’s thanks to its amazing beautiful green spaces with wild life, beautiful monuments, delicious food and great people. Also, Alentejo will get promoted and will also promote itself, with traditional and regional souvenir and food it’s an amazing touristic destination for those who love silence, good food and great wine. Everyone should try once in their life, it's very quiet and you'll relax all you need.

 

Ancient to Modern: A Journey of a City Rajshahi

The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is usually known as Bangladesh that means “Country of Bengal”. Today here I am going to introduce you with this country and especially with the most ancient city of Bangladesh. I am talking about the city of Education, the Silk city, Rajshahi. Rajshahi is a city in western Bangladesh, and the divisional headquarters of Rajshahi Division as well as the administrative district that bears its name and is one of the seven metropolitan cities of Bangladesh.


RajshahiRajshahi was formerly known as Rampur Boalia. The town was given importance in 1825, when the East India Company shifted the administrative headquarters to the district of Rajshahi from Natore to then Rampur Boalia, mainly for the ease of communication from Calcutta through the Hooghly river, Bhairab River and Padma river.


The Heritage


Rajshahi SilkRajshahi is famous for its characteristic sweetmeats, not to be found anywhere else in the country. These special preparations include Roshkodom, Khaja, Raghobshahi and Kachagolla. Along with neighboring Chapai Nababganj, Rajshahi is the home of the regions best mangoes and lichis. Rajshahi is also the home of Barendra Museum which is famous for its collection of local sculpture and other artifacts dating from medieval times, and of Rajshahi silk, the finest silk produced in Bangladesh. Rajshahi Silk is the name given to the silk products produced in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. It is a famous name in the domain of clothing, especially in saris. Rajshahi silk is a delicate and soft fibre produced from the cocoons of silkworms and is covered with a protein called Sericin.


Rajshahi Silk


History


Rajshahi district was a part of the Pundra region of ancient Bengal. The capital of Vijay Sen, the king who led military operations in Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia was located 9 miles (14 km) to the west of Rajshahi town. In medieval times, the region came to be known as "Rampur Boalia". The origin of the present name of "Rajshahi" is debated among scholars. Most say that it takes its name from Hindu Kings and zamindars or "Rajas" as Raj and the persianized Shahi; both of which means Royal or Kingdom. The administrative district was established in 1772 and the municipal corporation in 1876. Rajshahi Municipality, which was one of the first municipalities in Bangladesh, was established in 1876. It was renamed as Rajshahi Pourasabha, and finally, Rajshahi Pourashava was declared as Rajshahi City Corporation in 1991. Besides the City Corporation, the governing body named Rajshahi Development Authority (RDA) to plan the development of the city and to coordinate all the development related work.


Administration




[caption id="attachment_3026" align="aligncenter" width="717"]Rajshahi City Corporation Rajshahi City Corporation Building Known as Nagar Bhaban[/caption]

Rajshahi is one of seven metropolitan cities in Bangladesh. A mayor and 30 ward commissioners are elected for a five-year period by direct votes. Mr. Md. Mizanur Rahman Minu, was the first elected mayor of Rajshahi City Corporation. The present mayor (2013) is Mr Md.Mosaddek Hosain bulbul.


Rajshahi City Corporation (RCC) is responsible for all the administrative work related city governance under its jurisdiction. Rajshahi Metropolitan Police,headed by its commissioner has its head office in the city. Deputy Commissioner (DC,) who is the administrative chief of Rajshahi District & other district level civil servants have their offices. There is offices for District judges as well as Metropolitan courts. Divisional Commissioner, who is the administrative chief of Rajshahi Division,DIG for Rajshahi division & other divisional civil servants have their own offices in the city, which functions as part of the government administrative set up. In addition, a governing body called Rajshahi Development Authority (RDA) plans the development of the city and coordinates the development related works. RDA owns one of the major markets of Rajshahi, which is known as RDA market. Rajshahi WASA is responsible for water supply and drainage system within city area. It started functioning very recently in 2010. Rajshahi Metropolitan Police (RMP) headed by a Commissioner,controls law & order as well as traffic movements within the city.


Interesting Places in the City




[caption id="attachment_3030" align="aligncenter" width="768"]Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) pond and Mosque Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) pond and Mosque[/caption]

Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum (Rh.): A Majar or Dorga (Shrine) is established around the grave of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) at Dargahpara in Rajshahi city. It is said that Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) was the first Islam preacher in the Rajshahi region. It is also said that he came to Rajshahi through the river Padma riding on a crocodile. Even now, some crocodiles are reserved in the Dighi (Large Pond) next to the shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum (Rh.). Dargahpara is famous for the shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) and for the large bank of river Padma. Two famous educational institute, Rajshahi College and Rajshahi Collegiate School, are also situated in this area. There is also another shrine of Shah Turkan (Rh.) which is older than the shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.).




[caption id="attachment_3031" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.) Shrine of Hazrat Shah Mokhdum Ruposh (Rh.)[/caption]

Varendra Research Museum:




[caption id="attachment_3032" align="aligncenter" width="500"]Varendra Research Museum Varendra Research Museum[/caption]

Varendra Research Museum, one of the oldest museums in this subcontinent, is situated in the heart of Rajshahi city. Its library contains 22,000 printed books and journals and 6000 manuscripts in Bengali, Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian languages. The library has been moved from the Museum building to a new, modern structure.It was one of the first non government initiatives for building a museum by some enlightened people with Kumar Sarat Kumar Roy during the British era. This museum has a large collection of statues of Lord Surya and some unique masterpieces illustrating the history of the locality and its civilization.




[caption id="attachment_3033" align="aligncenter" width="810"]Varendra Research Museum Varendra Research Museum[/caption]

Bangladesh Railway & Rajshahi central station: The headquarter of Bangladesh Railway (Western Zone) is in Rajshahi. Rajshahi Railway Station is being modified and developed to house more passengers and to offer more services to the city dwellers. Rajshahi Railway Station is Very Nice.




[caption id="attachment_3034" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Rajshahi Railway Station Rajshahi Railway Station[/caption]

Borokuthi: In the compound of the Barakuthi there is a small cemetery with groves dating back to the years of the nineteenth century. There are 14 tombs with thirteen epitaphs within the cemetery. Here also some natural calimetari which make people enjoy for time being.




[caption id="attachment_3036" align="aligncenter" width="717"]Borokuthi Borokuthi[/caption]

That's not enough actually, there have a lots of places to visit and I know when you will be here, you'll love to visit Rajshahi.


Education


University of Rajshahi: University of Rajshahi or Rajshahi University is a public university located in Rajshahi, a city in north-western Bangladesh. University of Rajshahi was established in 1953, the second university to be established in what was then East Pakistan.




[caption id="attachment_3037" align="aligncenter" width="474"]Rajshahi University Administrative Building of Rajshahi University[/caption]

The university's forty-seven departments are organized into nine faculties. Rajshahi University is located in a 753 acres (3 km2) campus in Motihar thana (police station), 3 kilometres (2 mi) from the Rajshahi city center. With 25,000 students and close to 1000 academic staff, it is one of the largest universities in Bangladesh.


Rajshahi College: Rajshahi College is one of the oldest institutions of higher education in Bangladesh. Established in 1873 in Rajshahi city, it is said to be the third oldest college in Bangladesh after Dhaka College and Chittagong College. Rajshahi College was the first institution in the territories now comprising Bangladesh to award a Masters degree. It also offers three years bachelor and four years honours degree courses in various disciplines. The college is affiliated with the National University. Since 1996 it has stopped enrolling Higher Secondary students. Situated in the city center, Rajshahi College is adjacent to Rajshahi Collegiate School and is very near the famous Barendra Museum.




[caption id="attachment_3038" align="aligncenter" width="819"]Rajshahi College Administrative Building of Rajshahi College[/caption]

Rajshahi Medical College: Rajshahi Medical College, located in Rajshahi, Bangladesh, is a state-sponsored medical school affiliated with the Rajshahi University.




[caption id="attachment_3039" align="aligncenter" width="715"]Rajshahi Medical College Rajshahi Medical College[/caption]

It was established in 1958, the second such institution in erstwhile East Pakistan after Dhaka Medical College. It has a large hospital that is the central provider for advanced health care in the northern part of Bangladesh.


Rajshahi Medical College admits 175 students every year for its M.B.B.S. program. It's dental unit admits a further 50 students. Students are admitted in these programs after high school and get a degree after 5 years of study and 1 year internship in the Government owned public hospital.


It has two boys' hostel named 'shahid muktijoddha kazi nur un nobi hostel' and 'shahid shah moinul ahsan pinku hostel'. Shahid muktijoddha kazi nur un nobi hostel is locally known as Main Hostel. It has three girls' hostel named 'polin hostel','falguni hostel' and 'ayesha siddiqua hostel'.Besides there are also two hostels for intern doctors.one for males and another for females.The name of the male intern doctors' hostel is 'shahid jamil akhtar roton hostel'.


These are the main educational institute in Rajshahi and because of their glorious history we call our city with the name of "City of Education.


However, today I have took a long space! It's time to go but I will return soon with some recent developments in Rajshahi. I wish you will love Rajshahi!

Construction at Nepal's first tunnel highway going in full swing

[caption id="attachment_3028" align="alignnone" width="692"]A replica door of the Hetauda tunnel highway, at a local fare in 2013. A replica door of the Hetauda tunnel highway, at a local fare in 2013.[/caption]

With the aim of completing Nepal's first tunnel highway by 2016, work is going in full swing at the Hetauda-Kulekhani-Kathmandu Tunnel Highway. The promoters of the project, Nepal Purwadhar Bikas Company Limited (NPBCL), started work on the highway in November, 2013. The highway is expected to reduce the distance between the capital city Kathmandu and the industrial city of Hetauda by more than half. While people currently travel more than 133 KM from Kathmandu to reach Hetauda, the new 56 KM highway to the city will save both time and fuel for travelers.

A lot of infrastructure and property projects are also expected to boom around the places near the highway. This kind of project will be the first of its kind in this mountainous nation. The project already has managed to capture the public's imagination before its completion. There will be a total of 3 tunnels in the project with a combined length of 4.5 KM.

 

 

Nepal says no to GMO

[caption id="attachment_3018" align="alignnone" width="891"]Farmers of Nepal protesting against GMOs. Farmers of Nepal protesting against GMOs.[/caption]

The supreme court of Nepal last week ordered to temporarily ban imports of genetically modified seeds. This follows after a series of protests led by some popular independent youth groups and supported by the public. Since the massive failure of genetically modified maize seeds to yield even basic returns to several farmers across the country in the course of the last few seasons, public sentiment was getting more negative against GMO seed imports.

The decision by Nepal's Supreme Court has been welcomed by many people inside and outside the country. Public sentiment against imported genetically modified seeds had gradually been growing throughout the world. A lot of anti-GMO activists throughout the world have welcomed the decision by the court and have called it a 'landmark'.

Around a month back, news about a local importing company, belonging to a famous corporate house, partnering with one of the biggest genetically modified seed companies in the world had been received negatively by the public. But with the verdict of the supreme court, imports of genetically modified seeds is expected to be stalled for some time.

 

 

Google's new offering: Contact lens for diabetic patients

[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="620"] The Google Contact Lens[/caption]

Diabetic patients of today need to bear the trouble of pricking their fingertips whenever they have to get readings of their blood sugar level. However, with the announcement of the Google Contact Lens on January 16, 2014, pricking yourself could be a thing of the past soon. Equipped with antenna and sensors the Google Contact Lens can regularly feed data to a device that shows the readings. It's estimated that more than 35 million people suffer from diabetes worldwide. So the technology could indeed benefit millions of people.

Google also announced that it had already performed successful trials with patients and now was looking for partners in the medical industry to roll out the product in markets. Furthermore, the company also informed that it was looking at ways to make modifications to the product so as to warn patients about dangerous levels of blood sugar.

The cases of diabetes are growing more and more globally as dietary patterns are changing. A lot of diabetes patients don't even realize that they are suffering from the disease, until the effects are severe. Troublesome screening techniques dissuade many from taking tests to determine whether they are diabetic or not. But Google's new offering could definitely ensure that the diagnosis is much less troublesome and early.

With dietary habits changing throughout the world, the number of diabetic patients is constantly increasing. While cases of Type II diabetes, that is transmitted hereditarily, is more or less common throughout the world, the number of patients with Type I diabetes is growing at alarming rates. Most diabetic patients heavily change and their dietary pattern after diagnosis, often due to the fear of severe consequences. But through the constant data feed of glucose level, patients may not need to feel guilty and fearful after eating a bar of chocolate.

The announcement by Google has been welcomed by a lot of people within the health industry.

Dhaka- the City of Hope

The capital of Bangladesh is Dhaka, located on the east banks of the Buriganga River in the heart of Bengal Delta. With its 15 million people Dhaka is the 8th largest city in the world. Every year thousands of people come Dhaka in search of livelihood. More than 400,000 cycle and rickshaw found on the street of Dhaka everyday.

Dhaka city was established by Subedar Islam Khan on 1608-1610 by the order of Emperor Jahangir. Previously Dhaka was known as Jahangir Nagar in the 17th century under the Mughal Empire. It was the center of the world wide Muslim trade. It is considered as the centre of the Bangladeshi economy.  Every year thousands of tourists visit Dhaka to visit the historical and amazing places of Dhaka.



The National Parliament designed by Louis I. Kahn is situated at Sher-e-Bangla Nagar built with a huge complex geometrical plan. It has distinctive architectural feature which attracts tourists. This historical architecture represents the Bangladeshi culture and heritage.

One of the most popular tourist spot is Lalbagh fort built 1678 by Azam, son of Mughal emperor Aorongazeb. Darbar hall and hammam khana, grave of Pari Bibi, Shahi Mosque these are the attractions of the Lalbagh fort which attracts the tourists.



One can get the essence of lifestyle of Nawab family by visiting Ahsan Monjil. By started at the 1859, the construction was completed in 1869. Once upon a time it was known as Pink palace, now its turned into a museum on 12 September 1992 with a view to preserve culture and heritage of Bangladesh.



Bangladesh National Museum is located in the suburb of Shahbag in Dhaka city. It has huge unique collection of eighty five thousands of pieces to attract the tourists. Sculpture, drawing, metal work, wooden furniture, fossils, traditional crafts are some of the samples of this huge collection.

With its amazing and traditional places, Dhaka city is attracting visitors from hundreds of years. Bangladesh Government is trying to protect its heritage to attract tourist.

 

 

Vitamin E Has More Benefits than Memory Drugs

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Recent study show that vitamin E may have more benefits than memory drugs in combating the disease Alzheimer. According to the study published in JAMA, a daily dose of 2000 IU of vitamin E safely and effectively showed the functional decline of Alzheimer's for patients with mild to moderate forms of the neurodegenerative disorder.

Researchers from the Minneapolis VA Health Care System divided a group of 613 Alzheimer's patients at 14 Veterans Affairs Medical centers into three groups.  Among the three groups, one group was prescribed the dosage of vitamin E, another received the drug memantime, and a third group prescribed placebo.

Over the follow-up time of 2.3 years, those who received vitamin E showed slower decline in their ability to perform daily activities than participant's receiving the placebo.

Decline among those receiving vitamin E was reduced by 19 percent annually, which translated to a slowdown in the progression of those daily functions of 6.2 months. The participants having memantime, did not get the same clinical benefit.

Though studies show that the best way to get nutrients is through a healthy diet, the current study's author Dr. Maurice W Dysken of Minneapolis Health Care System says, for Alzheimer's patients vitamin E is considered like a medication than a supplement. The researchers used 2,000 IU whereas an average dose of vitamin E in supplements in generally around 400 IU.

 

Raising Rajshahi, A City of Peace in Bangladesh

A group of students from the University of Rajshahi films this short documentary Raising Rajshahi. They love to introduce them as ‘Power 15th’.







Rajshahi is a metropolitan city in the country of Bangladesh. We love to introduce our city as ‘City of Education’. ‘Power 15th’ has tried to focus on our City Rajshahi. I wish you will love this and after watching this I believe you will plan for a trip to Rajshahi, Bangladesh during your next vacation. After a long span of time from our glorious liberation war now we can say that we have developed enough to attract you to have a visit to our lovely city. So, let’s enjoy the video Raising Rajshahi!